Mobile robotics is a rapidly developing field nowadays, with potential applications ranging from domestic to the space industry. This subject itself utilize many recent advantages in engineering, cognitive science, and information technology. Mobile robotics with time could significantly benefit many areas, including telematics, logistics, fleet management, and autonomous devices.
What is mobile robotics
Mobile robotics is a solution-oriented industrial branch generally aimed at designing and prototyping mobile robotics systems and solutions based on such systems. It combines electronics, programming, and logic development to prepare, realize, and utilize robotic solutions functionality.
In general, robotics solutions already become widespread: current applications include for example low-invasive surgery, goods assembling, domestic tasks handling. Various robots already capable of performing dangerous, boring, or multiple repeating tasks both in industry and everyday life. Robotics continuously moving towards more efficient and compact solutions. Some estimations predicting that mobile robotics in material handling and logistics will become a $75bn market by 2027. Сompact LIDAR systems, advanced cameras, and algoritms will further increase mobile robotics efficiency and human-robotics interaction.
Mobile robotics and control strategies
Mobile robotics solutions need to account for network limitations, such as bandwidth. Given that wireless networks become extremely widespread, and while providing high connectivity still suffer from delays and limited bandwidth, the crucial role of control strategies became just obvious. Control strategies could be continuous time or discrete time-based.
Another control strategy is the so-called event-based control. A general feature of such control is that the information flow around the sensors, the controller, and the actuators is triggered when the system variables exceed particular values. The basic structure of such a control strategy is depicted in a figure above. It includes a plant, control input generator, and event generator. Such an event-based control strategy could be implemented in mobile robotic solutions rather simply and efficiently.
Mobile robotics in telematics and logistics
Mobile robotics solutions empowered with modern sensors and actuators could be integrated into common warehousing applications and automate the material handling processes. Such systems combined with AI and telematics platforms functionality may allow distance control and increased functionality in areas like constructions, autonomous vehicles, and logistics.
Mobile logistics oriented robots, as well as mobile automated guided vehicles, could be successfully utilized in warehouses and storage facilities for the sake of optimal goods transportation. With further development of advanced sensors and increased connectivity, similar solutions could be adopted for telematics applications.
- R. Socas et al, Event-Based Control Strategy for Mobile Robots in Wireless Environments, 2015.
- DHL trend research, Robotics in Logistics, 2016.